Monthly Archives: September 2019

What is Blue Note Record?

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Blue Note Records is a jazz record company founded in 1939 in New York by Alfred Lion from Germany. The series of records produced by Alfred Lion are world-renowned, with performances by many prominent musicians, including Miles Davis, Thelonious Monk, Art Blakey, and John Coltrane.

Blue Note is the most popular. The reason is the strong brand image that Bluenote has built up with its sound and excellent jacket design.

What is upbeat?

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If you want to be able to get the rhythm in the upbeat, I will explain about the upbeat, the reference example of the rhythm in the upbeat, the difference with the downbeat, the reason it is said that Japanese are not good at taking the rhythm in the upbeat, the reason why you should get it, and the merits of being able to get the rhythm in the upbeat at this time. Finally, I will introduce how to get the rhythm in the upbeat.

■ What is upbeat?

In music, upbeat is a musical term that is also used to mean the second half of the first and second half of the beat. For example, when the rhythm of “1 and 2 and 3 and 4 …” is taken with a quarter beat song, the part of “and” is upbeat. It is important to be aware of the upbeats when taking rhythm in Western songs and playing musical instruments.

◆ Reference example of rhythm with upbeat

Rock, Jazz, Reggae, Ska, Hip Hop, etc. are typical for the music that needs to take rhythm in the upbeat. Here, I would like to introduce a song that can be easily understood by beginners, what upbeats are. I recommend the song called “One Love”, a Jamaican reggae musician named Bob Marley. This song was sung by Bob Marley in 1977. “One Love” is one of reggae music’s representative songs. When you listen to the song, the rhythm of “Zun Cha” is the upbeat of the “cha” part. It is a song that is sung by various people, but it is a song that is sung by the chorus corps, beginning with gospel choir. Please listen by all means.

I also recommend listening to Jazz. The rhythm of Jazz swing is based on an accent on the upbeat. A swing is a form of performance as a feature of Jazz. Because the rhythm that emphasizes the upbeat is taken, you can understand the unique rhythm and paste.

◆ The difference with the downbeat

Unlike upbeats, in music, the downbeat is a musical term used to mean the first half of the first and second halves of the beat. For example, the part of the numbers 1, 2, 3 and 4 when the rhythm of “1, 2, 3, 4” is taken with a quarter beat song becomes the downbeat.

◆ The reason why Japanese people are not good at taking rhythm in upbeat

It is generally said that Japanese people are not good at taking rhythm in the upbeat. One of the reasons is considered to be the cultural background of Japan. For example, in concerts and live performances, the listeners in the venue may have a situation where they are not beaten by the rhythm, such as clapping with their face beats, despite the music that feels backbeats. There is no doubt that in the concert halls such as Enka and folk songs where there are a lot of elderly spectators, there is a tendency to take the hands clapping on the face. In this way, Japanese “not renown in rhythm” is considered to be one of the factors that “the rhythm can not be taken in the upbeat”, that is, it is said that the Japanese are not good at taking the rhythm in the upbeat.

◆ The merit of taking rhythm by upbeat

As an advantage to take the rhythm in the upbeat, it becomes possible to take a finer rhythm, and the musicality is enhanced. A sense of rhythm is trained, and it becomes possible to correspond to various melodies. When playing improvisational music such as Jazz (playing while the performer composes on the fly regardless of the determined score), it is a necessary technique to catch the rhythm and capture the rhythm (backbeat) instantly. By taking the rhythm in the upbeat, you will also find the musical goodness that you did not notice before. That is because the listening power is improved and the sensitivity is sharper than before. As a listener, if you can make your way of taking rhythm with upbeat, you will be able to take advantage of that experience and also have the opportunity to sing songs in public and play instruments.

■ Practice to take upbeat rhythm

To train the sense of rhythm, it is often thought that it is necessary to go to the music classroom. Here are some simple exercises that you can do at home.

◆ Practice using a metronome

The practice of using a metronome is basic. Let’s do it as a basic training at the beginning of practice. The metronome picks up the downbeat, so it takes upbeat in line with the rhythm. Prepare a metronome, repeat practice from a tempo that is not very fast, but if you increase the speed little by little, learning becomes faster. It is a classical way to practice with different rhythms. Also, without a metronome, you may not get the right sense of rhythm. I think that you understand.

◆ Practice how to take rhythm with your body

There is a practice that uses the body to take rhythm. For example, beat the front beat with your left hand with your thigh and your upbeat with your right hand. If you practice with your favorite music, you will have less trouble. To cultivate a sense of rhythm, it is recommended to instill the rhythm into your body. However, even if it is important to take the rhythm in the upbeat, it does not make sense if the rhythm can not be matched to the song. First of all, listen to the song you want to take the rhythm and find one sound that sounds like a certain sense. For example, sounds like “Don” and “Don” that are said to be four strokes such as dance music may be easy to understand. Use your body to get the rhythm according to the song you choose. First of all, it is important to infiltrate the body on how to get the rhythm over and over again. If you are not familiar with rhythm practice, please refer to it.

◆ Practice method to listen to western music habitually conscious of backbeat

Traditional Japanese music is a culture based on the surface. The movements of traditional arts such as Kabuki and Noh and Japanese dance and the movement of martial arts are based on face beats. Especially in Japanese dance and Bon dance, hand-clapping is beaten with emphasis on the surface beat. In our daily lives, we need to increase the opportunity to listen to western music such as Rock, Jazz, Reggae, Ska, Hip Hop. Music in these genres consists of music with an emphasis on upbeats. Regularly listening to Western music conscious of upbeats will nourish the sense of rhythm and musical sense, and it will be good training. Music is a time art, so it is important to understand the rhythm. An understanding of Western music that emphasizes upbeat is also essential to one factor that produces a lively rhythm. Be interested in other music genres besides your favorite music.

Prepare your training environment. By practicing, you can enhance your musicality. Please try by all means.

Color representation on a computer

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First, let’s consider how colors are expressed on the computer screen. A computer screen is like a table with vertical and horizontal units of pixels. The pixels that are the smallest units that make up this computer screen are further decomposed into red, green, and blue lights. It is possible to express all the colors by mixing the three colors of “Light’s three primary colors” with this three colors of red-green-blue. The three primary colors of light are called “RGB color model” by taking initial letters of red, green and blue. The computer display adjusts the brightness of each RGB to express the color for each pixel.

It should be noted that the RGB color model is different from mixing colors with paint. The three primary colors of light are said to be “additive color mixing”, and colors are added when mixed. When RGB is added at maximum brightness, the mixed color results in white. On the other hand, color mixing of paint is called “subtractive color mixing” and colors are mixed by blocking the original light. Therefore, the three primary colors that are the basis of composition are also made up of cyan, magenta, and yellow, unlike light. The ink’s three primary colors are called “colorant’s three primary colors,” taking the initials of the colors and abbreviated as CMY. In the case of actual printing, black ink (Key Plate), which expresses more natural colors, is also added, and it is called “CMYK”.

Today’s typical displays can represent 24-bit color information per pixel. This 24-bit information is divided into three equal parts, and the gradation of color is assigned to each of RGB by 8 bits. A bit is a value represented by a binary number such as 0 or 1. In the case of 8 bits, it means that the information of 00000000〜1111111 can be handled in a binary number. Converting this into a decimal number we are normally familiar with results in 0-255, meaning that it can represent 256 levels of gradation including 0. Since each RGB can represent 256 gradations, the number of colors that can be expressed as a result of the color mixing is 16,777,216 (256 ^ 3 or 2 ^ 24).

What is openFrameworks?

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 If you translate the name openFrameworks directly, you can interpret it as “an open framework”. First of all, consider this word “framework”. The framework is generally understood as a “framework” or “mechanism”. However, when we use the term framework in the software area, we mean software that brings together frequently used functions when developing an application and that functions as a basis for application development. In other words, the framework is a framework that allows you to re-use frequently used general-purpose functions and concentrate on developing only the parts you need.

Various frameworks depending on the application. Frameworks are developed and used in various fields, such as frameworks for manipulating databases and frameworks for developing web applications.

openFrameworks is a framework that specializes mainly in producing interactive content and media art. Many complicated processes are involved in producing multi-contents, such as 2D and 3D figures and drawings, animations, sound recording and playback, video capture and playback, mouse and keyboard interactions, network usage, etc… You have to spend a lot of effort to get to the core part where you want to express your project. However, by using openFrameworks, most of such troublesome tasks can be realized by calling simple instructions, and it is possible to concentrate on more creative parts. With the power of openFrameworks, it is possible to create media artworks and interactive designs much more easily.

openFrameworks can be run on Mac OS X, Windows, Linux, and it is also possible to export a project as an iPhone / iPad application or an Android application.

When invited to an event live

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First, let’s see how it behaves when invited to an event live. As it is “the key to ascent”, you must  take care not to fail.

Once you have an offer to live the event, you will first check the schedule.

No matter how nice the invitation is, you can not participate unless the schedule is open. Also, check the schedule before and after as well as the day. If there are important shows before and after, it may be tough for the artist’s schedule, and it is better to refrain from participating in the event to avoid diversifying the audience.

Also, although you are free, you need to write a lot of songs during that period, and if you have to concentrate on production, you’re going to get it out, but you can’t get it out. In other words, if you want to gain more live experience with new artists, or if you want to perform new songs with a certain artist, or want to spread it in a live location, you will naturally receive an offer. The point is not only the schedule but also the situation and the timing of the artist is related to the schedule.

You also need to consider the merits and demerits of the appearance of the event.

Events that come in a lot of people, events with artists who are popular with co-stars, events with brand power, etc. have advertising effects and promotion effects when they come out. Also, by participating in such an event, you can expect the artist to look better.

Another is the merit of money. It is a part that “If you go to the event, you will earn money”, such as a good gallery, product sales are very likely to be sold, and chargeback can be expected. In the case of a goal, we may say something like “sales”. If you are a reasonably popular artist, you may decide to participate in the event as it is purely profitable, not with or without promotional effects.

Besides that, we need to think about relationships. You do not want to refuse if it is an invitation from the indebted person, and it may be possible that there will be good things if it goes out to the event. There are people in the scene and music industry who are said to be key persons, and if you are inviting from there, it is better to perform. With such a relationship, whether it is positive or backward will change.

If the timing or conditions, etc. match and perform, it is good with “by all means!”, But if you refuse, the other party will be disappoint. Therefore, it is necessary to consider how to decline carefully.

It is good to say something like “This time did not meet the timing, but please invite me again. Next time please!” It is a kind of word. The Music business is related to timing. Even if you think that “the merits of this event are not for me”, if the timing changes, the merits/demerits will also change. In such a flow, it may be time to meet what each other is seeking. To be honest, you have a clear idea that you do not feel the merit of appearance, but it is my idea that it is better not to ruin the relationship that may come over sometime.

The music scene is established by the relationship between people and people, so I would like to cherish the horizontal connection and get a chance.

What is the BWV number?

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As Mozart’s works have numbers beginning with “K”, Bach’s works have numbers beginning with “BWV”. These were all given to the individual works by the scholar who made an inventory of their works, and a number to be referred to as a reference number.

Mozart’s “K” stands for “Kechel” and is named after Köchell who has cataloged Mozart’s works, and Bach “BWV” is an abbreviation for “Bach Werke Verzeichnis” and this is Wolfgang Schmieder. The first edition was published in 1950.

At that time, Bach works had been said to have remained 1080 songs, so BWV numbers were also said to have 1080 songs left, so BWV numbers were up to 1080, but then research progressed, and the currently published version Then the BWV number is attached to 1120 songs. Depending on future research, there may be more possibilities.

How to operate indies label

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There are many requirements other than music for business owners. To operate the indies label, it is not something that you should only listen to music or create one. You also have to calculate the cost of producing CDs, and you need to do market research. You also have to do a lot of clerical work that is not directly related to music, such as negotiations with distributors, contract checks, and copyright negotiations.

You only have to play your favorite music, but you can not neglect business activities to maintain and maintain the label. To make a high-quality sound source, it may be more than the budget originally thought. Whether you pursue art or business is your freedom, but if you are pursuing quality until you are convinced, the CD will not be completed no matter how long it will cost money. It may be.

In freedom, it is also required of indies label owners to think about profitability to some extent. Also, a musician who is just working on music is disqualified as a manager. Expanding your perspective to fields other than music, adding an antenna to various information, and having an interest in it lead to the creation of music that is acceptable to people. It is an important requirement to reflect the knowledge of other fields in music. Moreover, it is necessary to focus on new music distribution, and it is also important to collect information and analyze how CD sales methods will change in the future.

How to evaluate social media truly

social-media-1795578_1920 The inability of management to properly understand the characteristics of social media, including YouTube, is a major factor hindering the development of a comprehensive Internet strategy. Then, what kind of criteria should SME managers evaluate and work on social media that appear one after another? We will compare three representative social media, YouTube, blog, and Facebook from the following three perspectives.

(1) Reflection on Google search results

(2) The spread of the number of users

(3) User stay time

 It can be said that the strategy that SMEs should take is to compare social media from these three points of view and to explore how to make use of its characteristics.

(1) Reflection on Google search results with YouTube, Facebook, and blogs, there are some differences in reflecting Google search.

 Simply put, while YouTube and blogs evaluate the keywords used for posting time and article titles on Google search, Facebook posts information by logging in only by users who have acquired an account. Due to the nature of the media being browsed, in particular, the “personal wall” where users are eagerly disseminating information is not reflected in Google search. The effect of Google search on Facebook is limited to the title of the Facebook page and the text on the event announcement page.

 First of all, is the information that you are sending on social media is “the information that you want to reflect in Google search” or “the information that is sent  to others even if it is not reflected in Google search.” It is necessary to properly distinguish and post. Working blindly without understanding the nature of social media, such as “I want to do Facebook because everyone around me is doing”, or ” I have to do new social media, such as Instagram. ” Things lead to wasted time. If you put on YouTube or a blog and the title of the posted video or article itself is reflected in Google search, it is necessary to select and set appropriate keywords for the title as well as the content. YouTube, blog titles need a strategy.

(2) The spread of the number of users

 No matter how good the characteristics of social media, if there is no concentration of users in the first place, it will not be effective. You also need to be aware of what kind of market deficit social media is or is perceived by the market. According to the “2013 Information Communication White Paper” announced by the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, the Internet users in Japan are 96.52 million, and 80% of the whole population will use the Internet, excluding infants and old people It can be said that most people use the Internet. Among them, it can be said that YouTube is used by about 40 million people a month. On the other hand, Facebook has 24 million users and 27 million blogs. However, for blogs, it is the total number of blog creators, and when it comes to “blog market” including blog readers, it may be a bit more.

 However, the figure shows that YouTube boasts an overwhelming number of users. Although there are not many video contributors overall, many internet users devote most of their Internet connection time to watching YouTube, and YouTube will continue to gain citizenship in the country as well. It will be. Also, there is no difference that Facebook and blogs are media with a large number of users, and in particular, Facebook is not evaluated on Google search, but it seems to be a medium that exerts great power as a place of information diffusion.

3) User stay time  

 Facebook’s average stay is 208 minutes a month. On the other hand, YouTube has a survey of 340 minutes and a blog of 62 minutes. Depending on the time of measurement and conditions of the survey, I think that there will be differences, but access is generally via social media, and from that, there will be a minimum of about one minute of the stay. With blogs that are text- and image-oriented, there is no time to stay there. Also, YouTube tends to increase its stay time by displaying and playing related videos. In the future, not only video viewers but also more posters will be added, video content will be enriched, and other functions will be expanded. As a result, it is expected that YouTube’s stay time will further increase. SMEs should make use of the features of their social media, work on each other, eventually expand their exposure on the Internet, and work on mutual strategies that lead to the acquisition of responses.

South American and Caribbean Music

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The region, known as Latin America, brings together the cultures of the indigenous people and blacks brought up as slaves and has created several attractive musician styles.

Manbo (Cuban)
Mambo is Spanish, meaning fine refine and repeated passages. It takes the form of a big band and uses the horn section as a rhythm instrument.

Samba (Brazil)
Popular music representing Latin music, born in Brazil. Music that a fine rhythm is inscribed in the spacious second night. Music with a passionate dance found at Rio carnival etc.

Reggae (Jamaica)
In the 1960’s Jamaica, based on rhythm & blues and jazz, unique music called “Ska” of upbeat was born. Based on that, around 1970, a reggae featuring intense after-beat was born. There is a message that calls for a return to Black’s mother country Africa, and there were strong political and religious factors in the early days. Currently, dancehall reggae, Lovers rock, British reggae etc. are diversified.

Tango (Argentine)
It is a form of popular music or dance music and is said to have been born in the late 19th century near Buenos Aires. Passionate music that creates intense rhythms with bandoneons, violins, pianos and other Western instruments, and the songs and dances are united. In Japan, Tango changed over Europe is called Continental Tango, and the current one is called Argentine Tango.