Monthly Archives: February 2020

The Practice of Solfege: Listening

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One of the main contents of Solfege is listening. Listening is listening to the performance and writing notes and other symbols on the score.

In the listening sound solfege, we use a sheet of paper on which musical staffs are printed, called music paper. In Solfege, while listening to the performance, you will enter clefs such as treble clefs and bass clef, time signatures such as 4/4 time signatures, notes, etc. on music paper. Ultimately, we will complete the score.

What you should be aware of is the note (note pitch), the number of beats (note length), and key changes. By converting the sounds you hear into music, the symbols on the music are connected to the actual sounds and phrases in your head.

In the basic solfege training, the teacher plays the melody of the solfege using a piano and listens to the sound by the procedure of matching the answers.

By listening to practice, you can develop the ability to listen to music and write it accurately. As for listening sounds, teaching materials for pitch training on CDs and apps are sold, so it is possible to practice along with the teaching materials.

If there is no absolute pitch, or if there is no original pitch (relative pitch), it is more effective to get professional support.

The origins of Solfege

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The origins of Solfege were conceived by the Italian monk Guido d’Arezzo and are now being developed to nurture the overall fundamentals of music.

The reason Solfege was born was that when music wasn’t written in the way it is today, there was a need for a way for monks to learn chant efficiently.

What is Solfege?

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 Solfege is basic training in learning Western music to understand and read music.

To put it simply, Solfege looks at the music, sings, and rhythms with Doremi, and develops the heart and rhythm of singing. Reading ability is also called Solfege ability.

As the ability of Solfege increases, you will be able to imagine any song at the head, even if you are looking at music scores for the first time, and you will be able to listen and see at first glance.

What is Glockenspiel?

Currently, Glockenspiel refers to a metallophone. This is a percussion instrument that has a tuned metal sound plate and is struck with the sticks.

In fact, in the past, there was a Glockenspiel played on the keyboard. The current Glockenspiel has only its sound plate remaining. Moreover, the keyboard-type Glockenspiel appeared before Celesta.

Originally “glocken” was a bell. When you go to Europe, there is a large bell in a church, but around the 17th century, a small version of the bell was adjusted to various types of pitches and prepared for about three octaves.

What is Celesta?

 Celesta is a musical instrument devised by organist Auguste Mustel in Paris in 1886, about 130 years ago. It has a keyboard, and it looks like an organ in size and shape, but the sound is completely different, and it passes very well, even though it is a small, pretty sound.

Inside the Celesta, there are musical scales of metal sound plates resembling a metal lyre. It is a percussion instrument that has a keyboard action that hits it with a hammer to produce a sound.

What is a 16mm film?

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Nowadays, DVDs and Blu-ray discs are used to play videos. About 10 to 30 years ago, videotapes were used, and about 20 to 50 years ago, 16 mm and 8 mm films were used. Just as photography has transitioned to digital, so has to move from analog to digital.

The difference between 16mm film and 8mm film is that the film width is different as the name suggests. Naturally, a wider 16mm film has better image quality than an 8mm film, but the cost is higher.

Next, 16mm film has a band called “soundtrack”, in which audio signals are recorded in shades. This is where movie music is called a “soundtrack”.

On the other hand, 8mm film did not have this soundtrack. The audio recording became possible in the late 1960s. Since these films are advanced by a “projector” and screened, they are recognized as “moving images”.

16mm film projected at 24 frames / second has become popular for business use, and 8mm film at 16 frames / second has become popular for amateur use.

Dixieland Jazz

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Dixieland jazz is music that is centered on polyphonic melodies.

Jerry Roll Morton’s 1929 “Freakish” is a good example. Polyphony survives in a small group within a big band and is performed more or less as part of the nightly stage.

Selected bands in the band, including Tommy Dorsey’s Cranbake Seven, have satisfied the elderly audience. The last big band on stage with a Dixieland group is the Lawrence Welk Orchestra.

Also not often mentioned in the history of jazz, the re-emergence has been repeated at all times.

The Dixieland revival began in the early 1940s and was represented by a large number of young musicians in an older generation style.

Swing Jazz

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The swing jazz band is modeled after a marching band, with a saxophone (lead), trumpet and trombone sections.

The sections are musically devised, responding independently of each other, or creating an ensemble as a single body. The saxophone section is the core of the swing band, consisting of alto, tenor and baritone saxophones with different ranges, as well as a choir divided into audio parts. The most common knitting is 2 altos, 1 to 2 tenor, 1 baritone.

For a swing band, it is often the part that expresses your personality. You have a surprisingly free idea of ​​what sound to make.

The history of the swing era is divided into two parts. The first period from 1924 to 1932, the previous swing period, and the second period from the middle of the 1950s to the 1960s.

Each is distinguished by the size of the band and the relationship between the voices, the phrasing of the swing and the maturity of the rhythm, and the expressiveness of the soloist who has grown and refined his personality.

However, during the Great Recession from 30 to 32 years, the number of records made was very small, so there was little recorded evidence to tell the story.

Latin Jazz

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It is jazz developed in the 1940s. It is played mainly in Latin percussions, such as Congo, Bongo, and Timbales.

Generally, music called Latin jazz refers to Afro-Cuban jazz evolved from Cuba.

Just as Bossa Nova of Brazilian jazz was born from the fusion of American modern jazz, new Latin music creation is expected in the future.