What is Glockenspiel?

Currently, Glockenspiel refers to a metallophone. This is a percussion instrument that has a tuned metal sound plate and is struck with the sticks.

In fact, in the past, there was a Glockenspiel played on the keyboard. The current Glockenspiel has only its sound plate remaining. Moreover, the keyboard-type Glockenspiel appeared before Celesta.

Originally “glocken” was a bell. When you go to Europe, there is a large bell in a church, but around the 17th century, a small version of the bell was adjusted to various types of pitches and prepared for about three octaves.

What is Celesta?

 Celesta is a musical instrument devised by organist Auguste Mustel in Paris in 1886, about 130 years ago. It has a keyboard, and it looks like an organ in size and shape, but the sound is completely different, and it passes very well, even though it is a small, pretty sound.

Inside the Celesta, there are musical scales of metal sound plates resembling a metal lyre. It is a percussion instrument that has a keyboard action that hits it with a hammer to produce a sound.

What is a 16mm film?

Nowadays, DVDs and Blu-ray discs are used to play videos. About 10 to 30 years ago, videotapes were used, and about 20 to 50 years ago, 16 mm and 8 mm films were used. Just as photography has transitioned to digital, so has to move from analog to digital.

The difference between 16mm film and 8mm film is that the film width is different as the name suggests. Naturally, a wider 16mm film has better image quality than an 8mm film, but the cost is higher.

Next, 16mm film has a band called “soundtrack”, in which audio signals are recorded in shades. This is where movie music is called a “soundtrack”.

On the other hand, 8mm film did not have this soundtrack. The audio recording became possible in the late 1960s. Since these films are advanced by a “projector” and screened, they are recognized as “moving images”.

16mm film projected at 24 frames / second has become popular for business use, and 8mm film at 16 frames / second has become popular for amateur use.

Dixieland Jazz


Dixieland jazz is music that is centered on polyphonic melodies.

Jerry Roll Morton’s 1929 “Freakish” is a good example. Polyphony survives in a small group within a big band and is performed more or less as part of the nightly stage.

Selected bands in the band, including Tommy Dorsey’s Cranbake Seven, have satisfied the elderly audience. The last big band on stage with a Dixieland group is the Lawrence Welk Orchestra.

Also not often mentioned in the history of jazz, the re-emergence has been repeated at all times.

The Dixieland revival began in the early 1940s and was represented by a large number of young musicians in an older generation style.

Swing Jazz


The swing jazz band is modeled after a marching band, with a saxophone (lead), trumpet and trombone sections.

The sections are musically devised, responding independently of each other, or creating an ensemble as a single body. The saxophone section is the core of the swing band, consisting of alto, tenor and baritone saxophones with different ranges, as well as a choir divided into audio parts. The most common knitting is 2 altos, 1 to 2 tenor, 1 baritone.

For a swing band, it is often the part that expresses your personality. You have a surprisingly free idea of ​​what sound to make.

The history of the swing era is divided into two parts. The first period from 1924 to 1932, the previous swing period, and the second period from the middle of the 1950s to the 1960s.

Each is distinguished by the size of the band and the relationship between the voices, the phrasing of the swing and the maturity of the rhythm, and the expressiveness of the soloist who has grown and refined his personality.

However, during the Great Recession from 30 to 32 years, the number of records made was very small, so there was little recorded evidence to tell the story.

Latin Jazz


It is jazz developed in the 1940s. It is played mainly in Latin percussions, such as Congo, Bongo, and Timbales.

Generally, music called Latin jazz refers to Afro-Cuban jazz evolved from Cuba.

Just as Bossa Nova of Brazilian jazz was born from the fusion of American modern jazz, new Latin music creation is expected in the future.

Funk Jazz


Some soul music is called funk. Funk is derived from Congo-language lu-fuki, rather than the English word “frightened” or “dreadful,” and it can absorb sweat and body odor when performing or performing something well. It is a word to praise.

 Funk jazz is a repetitive bass form, drums that emphasize violently on the second and fourth beats of the bar (hi-hat cymbals are closed with these beats, following clapping), with clear melodies. Features simple harmony.

As a result, the sound is closer to gospel music than rhythm and blues.

Bebop (Modern Jazz)


Bebop was music born during World War II, and many of its major performers had no military experience, but strikes, racism and various discriminations, and economic inequity. And they experienced living the homefront.

Many of the first black musicians who played Bebop came from the west and southwest, and their music developed under local culture and political climate.

Bebop’s band takes the form of a small knitting combo. They often play one unison with a trumpet and a saxophone.

Its purpose wasn’t solely for nightclub dancers and floor shows, nor was playing for the pop market.

Bebop’s melody phrases aren’t simply phrasing for pop singers or swing riff melodies (where the bar-by-measure phrases are arranged in a similar tone and balance). It is long and has few repetitions. Moreover, it has an uneven structure and irregular sound arrangement.

During this time, young singers such as Babbs Gonzales, Jo Carroll, and Sarah Vaughan brought the tradition of scat-style to the bebop style, rethinking the sound of the bebop rhythms and elegance.

Mode Jazz


 Mode jazz in the 1960s picked up pop songs and used boldly simplified chord progressions. Jazz is composed and played based on one scale or one or two chords.

There were even more minimalist performers, improvising with one chord, using a single note, a sustained bass (drone), or a repetitive form called a vamp.