All industries are now facing the changing times of the fourth industrial revolution. There is a problem with processing big data gathered through sensors. In order to process the processing in real time, it can not cope with a normal computer system, and high-level AI (Artificial Intelligence) utilization is required. Because this innovation (transformation) ultimately spreads to all industries, this series of flows is called the “fourth industrial revolution”.
The first industrial revolution was led by Britain in the late 18th century. Its center lies in the machine industry with the application of hydraulic and steam engines. Here, there has been a change in the “things” of management resources. The second industrial revolution was led by the United Kingdom and the United States in the late 19th century. The center of this is electricity of new energy, and the development of the distribution network by railways has led to the era of mass production and consumption. The most important thing that happened in the second stage was the innovation of the financial system to create a “global financial economy” and a global economic zone. In other words, in terms of management resources, a change in money has taken place The third industrial revolution was led by the United States and Japan in the late 20th century. At the center of it was the evolution of computers and information communication, and the main role was “information” of management resources.